SCORE Multi-year interlaboratory study
Multi-year interlaboratory exercises for the analysis of illicit drugs and metabolites in wastewater: development of a quality control system
This study presents the development of a worldwide inter-laboratory testing scheme for the analysis of seven illicit drug residues in different matrices (standard solutions, tap- and wastewater). By repeating this exercise for six years with participation of 37 laboratories from 25 countries, the testing scheme was substantially improved based on experiences gained across the years.
- First worldwide inter-laboratory exercise for analysis of illicit drugs in wastewater.
- Results revealed (pre-)analytical issues for certain analytes.
- Six years of exercises have resulted in optimized procedures and protocols.
- Quality control system will make wastewater-based epidemiology results more reliable
Alexander L.N. van Nuijs, Foon Yin Lai, Frederic Been, Maria Jesus Andres-Costa, Leon Barron, Jose Antonio Baz-Lomba, Jean-Daniel Berset, Lisa Benaglia, Lubertus Bijlsma, Dan Burgard, Sara Castiglioni, Christophoros Christophoridis, Adrian Covaci, Pim de Voogt, Erik Emke, Despo Fatta-Kassinos, Jerker Fick, Felix Hernandez, Cobus Gerber, Iria González-Mariño, Roman Grabic, Teemu Gunnar, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Sara Karolak, Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, Zenon Kokot, Ivona Krizman-Matasic, Angela Li, Xiqing Li, Arndís S.C. Löve, Miren Lopez de Alda, Markus R. Meyer, Herbert Oberacher, Jake O’Brien, Jose Benito Quintana, Malcolm Reid, Serge Schneider, Susana Sadler Simoes, Nikolaos S. Thomaidis, Kevin Thomas, Viviane Yargeau, Christoph Ort.